Aleutian Microtechnology in Anangula Times (9000 - 4000 BP)

Author(s): Richard Davis

Year: 2015


Since its discovery more than 50 years ago, the Anangula phase has been recognized as the first known occupation in the eastern Aleutian Islands. The initial discovery of the Anangula Blade Site near Umnak Island, and the more recent find of Hog Island in the Unalaska District revealed assemblages in many ways characteristic of highly mobile terrestrial hunter-gatherers with only minimal evidence of a maritime economy. This seeming paradox of island dwellers heavily invested in terrestrial resources may be explained by seasonal land fast ice which provided a route for caribou access onto the archipelago. Microblades, most likely hafted to arrow shafts, are abundant during Anangula times. Bows are best used for terrestrial, not maritime, game. The Anangula sites are extensive but shallow, without middens, have ephemeral structural remains, and have a limited repertoire of tools. Individual tool types including microblades, blades, burins and scrapers, however, are numerous. This pattern suggests specialized extractive activity. Anangula most likely represents an off shoot of the interior Paleoarctic tradition, and it developed toward the end of the phase into a populous and sedentary adaptation to the rich marine environment.

SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit for instructions and more information.

Cite this Record

Aleutian Microtechnology in Anangula Times (9000 - 4000 BP). Richard Davis. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397433)

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -178.41; min lat: 62.104 ; max long: 178.77; max lat: 83.52 ;