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Aleutian Microtechnology in Anangula Times (9000 - 4000 BP)

Author(s): Richard Davis

Year: 2015

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Summary

Since its discovery more than 50 years ago, the Anangula phase has been recognized as the first known occupation in the eastern Aleutian Islands. The initial discovery of the Anangula Blade Site near Umnak Island, and the more recent find of Hog Island in the Unalaska District revealed assemblages in many ways characteristic of highly mobile terrestrial hunter-gatherers with only minimal evidence of a maritime economy. This seeming paradox of island dwellers heavily invested in terrestrial resources may be explained by seasonal land fast ice which provided a route for caribou access onto the archipelago. Microblades, most likely hafted to arrow shafts, are abundant during Anangula times. Bows are best used for terrestrial, not maritime, game. The Anangula sites are extensive but shallow, without middens, have ephemeral structural remains, and have a limited repertoire of tools. Individual tool types including microblades, blades, burins and scrapers, however, are numerous. This pattern suggests specialized extractive activity. Anangula most likely represents an off shoot of the interior Paleoarctic tradition, and it developed toward the end of the phase into a populous and sedentary adaptation to the rich marine environment.

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Cite this Record

Aleutian Microtechnology in Anangula Times (9000 - 4000 BP). Richard Davis. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397433)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Arctic


Spatial Coverage

min long: -178.41; min lat: 62.104 ; max long: 178.77; max lat: 83.52 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America