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Understanding Oneota Stone Tool Functions: A Case Study of Precision and Accuracy in Use-Wear Analysis

Author(s): Robert Jeske ; Katherine Sterner-Miller ; Robert Ahlrichs

Year: 2015

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Summary

A combination of assemblage analysis, microwear analysis and blood residue analysis allows us to build a new understanding of the role of lithic material in the technological economy of Oneota groups in eastern Wisconsin. One foundation of this approach is accurate and replicable recognition of use-wear patterns. Blind tests have been an essential component of use-wear research since the 1970s. In this paper, we describe a study of 100 experimentally made and used chipped stone tools. Made from two types of chert that were commonly used by occupants of Oneota sites near Lake Koshkonong, Wisconsin, the tools are used in a wide range of activities. Three analysts assess each tool using low and high power microscopy, and the degree of agreement on use identifications is ascertained. This study provides a large sample to measure the analysts’ accuracy and precision in recognizing use-wear on stone tools from a specific archaeological context.

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Cite this Record

Understanding Oneota Stone Tool Functions: A Case Study of Precision and Accuracy in Use-Wear Analysis. Katherine Sterner-Miller, Robert Jeske, Robert Ahlrichs. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397620)


Keywords

General
Lithics Oneota Use-wear

Geographic Keywords
North America - Midwest


Spatial Coverage

min long: -104.634; min lat: 36.739 ; max long: -80.64; max lat: 49.153 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America