Terminal-Pleistocene Through Late Prehistoric Settlement Strategies around Pluvial Lake Mojave (Soda and Silver Lake Playas), California
Author(s): Edward Knell
Multiple lines of evidence are used to establish terminal Pleistocene-early Holocene (TP-EH) through Late Prehistoric spatio-temporal patterns and settlement strategies around pluvial Lake Mojave (more recently Soda and Silver Lake playas), California. Data from pedestrian survey and in-field analysis of lithic artifacts at four survey areas along the eastern shoreline of Soda and Silver Lake are analyzed using GIS to establish whether settlement strategies changed in accordance with variations in the lake water-level. Prior analysis of the Little Cowhole survey area identified three spatially separated, dense bands of artifacts that follow the TP-EH shorelines and reflect a gradual, time transgressive shift in TP-EH habitation closer to the receding water-level (Knell et al. 2014). Other survey areas at Soda and Silver Lake have sites dating from the TP-EH to Late Prehistoric, providing the opportunity to evaluate whether post-TP-EH peoples continued shifting towards the receding water-level. The analyses indicate that the Middle and the Late Holocene sites are at sequentially lower elevations than the TP-EH sites, ultimately providing temporal and spatial context for the TP-EH sites (the focus of my research) and key insights regarding Lake Mojave’s or Soda and Silver Lake playas role in the regional settlement system.
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Cite this Record
Terminal-Pleistocene Through Late Prehistoric Settlement Strategies around Pluvial Lake Mojave (Soda and Silver Lake Playas), California. Edward Knell. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397720)
North America - Great Basin
min long: -122.761; min lat: 29.917 ; max long: -109.27; max lat: 42.553 ;