tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Fuel Treatment Guidelines to Reduce Wildfire Damages to Ceramic Artifacts in the American Southwest

Author(s): Rachel Loehman ; Rebekah Kneifel ; Jim Reardon ; Connie Constan

Year: 2015

» Downloads & Basic Metadata

Summary

Artifact assemblages in the American southwest are currently subjected to periodic wildfires and prescribed burns, and have been exposed to fires in the past. Ceramics are a key constituent of these assemblages, leading to questions regarding effects of post-depositional heat and flame exposure on pottery. Alterations of ceramic pattern, form, and chemistry have been observed following wildfires, and such changes are significant because intact ceramics provide temporal context and other social information. Over the past 150 years, southwestern wildfires have shifted away from the historical high-frequency, low-severity regime; thus, cultural resources can be exposed to fires that are potentially more damaging than have occurred in the past. The wide range of fire environments and the duration and intensity of heating that result in damages to ceramic artifacts has not previously been systematically assessed. We report on results from laboratory tests conducted as part of the Joint Fire Science Program-funded ArcBurn project. Our results demonstrate that the type of fire environment and sustained dose determine patterns of alteration. Results can be used to identify fire environments that cause loss of information from artifact assemblages, and to develop management treatments and procedures to guide archaeological preservation in fire-prone landscapes.

SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Fuel Treatment Guidelines to Reduce Wildfire Damages to Ceramic Artifacts in the American Southwest. Rebekah Kneifel, Rachel Loehman, Connie Constan, Jim Reardon. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397783)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America