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The Effects of Sampling by Size Class on the Organization of Technology at the Sunrise Ridge Borrow Pit Site (45PI408), Mt. Rainier National Park, Washington

Author(s): David Davis ; Patrick McCutcheon ; Patrick Lewis

Year: 2015

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Summary

Prior lithic paradigmatic classification at the Sunrise Ridge Borrow Pit site (45PI408) has shown significant intra-site variation in chipped-stone technology and function. Recent fieldwork recovered an additional sample of artifacts bringing the total chipped stone assemblage to a sample size of n = 13036. Size grading, or mass analysis, was done for all lithic artifacts before cataloging. Recent attribute analysis of all lithic artifacts > 0.635 cm mesh size (n = 3681) demonstrates that significant technological variation is present, but the results of an analysis of lithic artifacts < 0.635 cm mesh size (n = 3543) reveals meaningful frequency changes across multiple dimensions suggesting that some of the intra-site variation resides in the < 0.635 cm mesh size lithics. Dimensions affected significantly, both diachronically and synchronically, include fragment type, cortex, wear, raw material type, platform type, thermal alteration, and reduction class. Analysis of the < 0.635 cm mesh size lithics revealed a 13 percent increase in obsidian raw material type and a 14 percent increase in the pressure flake platform type. Although the sampling of lithic assemblages by size class is performed for a variety of reasons, the significance should be carefully assessed before interpretations of the organization of technology.

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The Effects of Sampling by Size Class on the Organization of Technology at the Sunrise Ridge Borrow Pit Site (45PI408), Mt. Rainier National Park, Washington. David Davis, Patrick Lewis, Patrick McCutcheon. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397960)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -169.717; min lat: 42.553 ; max long: -122.607; max lat: 71.301 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America