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Resilience and Continuity in Iroquoia: An Analysis of Animal Remains from the 17th-Century Seneca Iroquois White Springs Site.

Author(s): Adam Watson ; Siu Ying Ng ; Caitlin Miller

Year: 2015

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Summary

In the summer of 1687, the Marquis de Denonville led a punitive expeditionary force from New France against the Seneca Iroquois in what is now western New York State. As a response to imminent invasion, the Senecas fled under the protective umbrella of the Cayugas. Upon returning to their homeland the following year, with all four settlements destroyed, the Senecas constructed two nucleated villages, one of which was located at White Springs, near present-day Geneva, New York, where they remained until 1715. Since 2007, Cornell University excavations at White Springs have recovered large quantities of artifacts, plant remains and animal bone, in addition to identifying widespread evidence of daily life at the site, including hearths, post molds and trash deposits. The extent to which Seneca behaviors reflect the political uncertainty and threat of hostilities dominating the region during this period remains unclear. Through an analysis of faunal material recovered from a large extramural pit feature, the present study addresses this central question by examining evidence for Seneca Iroquois hunting strategies, economic endeavors and subsistence practices that indicate the persistence of Seneca lifeways despite turbulent times.

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Resilience and Continuity in Iroquoia: An Analysis of Animal Remains from the 17th-Century Seneca Iroquois White Springs Site.. Caitlin Miller, Siu Ying Ng, Adam Watson. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397972)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.815; min lat: 39.3 ; max long: -66.753; max lat: 47.398 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America