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Archaeological Landscapes and Districts and Section 106 of the NHPA - Examples from California

Author(s): Jessica Tudor

Year: 2015

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Summary

Archaeological sites have traditionally been considered only as potentially eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion D (data potential) of the NRHP, but professionals in the field of Cultural Resources Management have begun to push for archaeological sites to be considered under Criteria A (significant events), B (significant people), and C (artistic value or method of construction) as well. Furthermore, archaeological sites are increasingly considered using a landscape approach, often incorporating multiple sites into a district. This approach breaks the traditional boundaries of archaeological site analysis to incorporate cultural importance to Native Americans and the general public, as well as highlighting how archaeological sites may represent important people and major events of the past. This poses an interesting challenge when archaeological districts or landscapes fall within the Area of Potential Effects for a federal undertaking that may alter or destroy portions of the constituent sites. This presentation uses examples from the California Office of Historic Preservation's Section 106 review units to discuss practical applications of landscape archaeology approaches to prehistoric and historic period archaeological sites in the Section 106 process.

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Archaeological Landscapes and Districts and Section 106 of the NHPA - Examples from California. Jessica Tudor. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 398142)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -125.464; min lat: 32.101 ; max long: -114.214; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America