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Elemental and microscopic characterization of quartzite stone discs and knives from the Slocan Narrows Pithouse Village, Upper Columbia River Region.

Author(s): David G. Bailey ; Nathan Goodale ; Alissa Nauman ; Micah Stimson

Year: 2015

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Summary

Chipped stone tools made from fine-grained quartzite with thin mica-rich (phyllitic) lamellae are commonly recovered from archaeological contexts along the Upper Columbia River in the interior Pacific Northwest. In this study we present the results of a comprehensive analysis of a collection of quartzite discs and knives recovered from the Slocan Narrows Pithouse Village. Our analysis includes examination of microscopic use-wear traces to attempt tool function interpretation, as well as elemental characterization through energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy to identify the number of potential geological sources of the raw material. Because these quartzite tools commonly occur across a wide geographic range, this study provides a foundation for additional studies of quartzite tools that may eventually lead to a better understanding of human land use practices in the Upper Columbia River region.

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Elemental and microscopic characterization of quartzite stone discs and knives from the Slocan Narrows Pithouse Village, Upper Columbia River Region.. Micah Stimson, Nathan Goodale, David G. Bailey, Alissa Nauman. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 398183)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -169.717; min lat: 42.553 ; max long: -122.607; max lat: 71.301 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America