Lacquer Arts of Viceregal Latin America: a study of transculturation
Author(s): Ana María Díaz Rocha
The establishment of a trade route between Asia, the New World, and Europe during the sixteenth century allowed admiration, exchange, and adaptation of different motifs, materials, and artistic techniques. The study of lacquer arts offers unique evidence of the transculturation that defines the arts of Spanish America during the viceregal period. This poster explores the use of unique American lacquer traditions that combine indigenous techniques and European forms with designs borrowed from Europe, Asia, and pre-Hispanic America. I look specifically at two separate lacquer art traditions that developed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and are still in use today: Maque Lacquer and Barniz de Pasto. Both techniques developed from pre-Columbian Lacquer techniques that used organic materials prevalent in the regions of production. While trying to understand cultural and artistic modifications and new outcomes during the colonial period, I also focus on the subject’s implications for our understanding of material and iconographic studies in archaeology.
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Lacquer Arts of Viceregal Latin America: a study of transculturation. Ana María Díaz Rocha. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 398408)