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Archaeological Site Distribution in Relation to Soils and Geomorphic Characteristics in Dune Landscapes in Northeastern Arizona

Author(s): Amy Schott

Year: 2016

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Summary

The Petrified Forest National Park in northeastern Arizona contains abundant archaeology sites located in dune settings. Archaeological research in the area has shown apparent correlation between archaeological site locations and dune geomorphology, suggesting that prehistoric inhabitants frequently targeted dunes for habitation sites. It has been proposed that this relationship may be due to extensive use of dune soils for agriculture. This paper investigates soils and geomorphology of dune environments in Petrified Forest to characterize the relationship between archaeological site location and landscape characteristics such as soil type, landform position, and microenvironmental properties within dunes. This research will contribute to a better understanding of how prehistoric inhabitants used the dune landscape, and specifically what landscape characteristics may have contributed to making dune soils available for farming. In addition, the spatial relationship between archaeological site location and geomorphic patterns is explored to better understand site formation processes, site distribution, and site visibility in eolian settings in Petrified Forest National Park.


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Archaeological Site Distribution in Relation to Soils and Geomorphic Characteristics in Dune Landscapes in Northeastern Arizona. Amy Schott. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 402966)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America