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Hematite (Ochre) mining and use on the South Coast of Peru ca. AD 1-400

Author(s): Hendrik Van Gijseghem ; Kevin Vaughn ; Jelmer Eerkens ; Gry Barfod

Year: 2016

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Located in the Nasca region of southern Peru, Mina Primavera was an important source of hematite for centuries, and in particular, was intensively exploited by people of the Nasca culture for a variety of end products. Here we explore technical and ritual dimensions involved in the mining process. We also present new data on iron isotopic (56Fe/54Fe) diversity from a single hematite source as information that is critical in sourcing and provenience. The new data are compared to previously published isotopic data from ochre samples found far from the mine, and from red and black paints on ceramics.

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Hematite (Ochre) mining and use on the South Coast of Peru ca. AD 1-400. Hendrik Van Gijseghem, Kevin Vaughn, Jelmer Eerkens, Gry Barfod. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403076)


Hematite Mining Nasca

Geographic Keywords
South America

Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America