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Archaeology and Economic Development

Author(s): Arlene Fleming

Year: 2016

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Summary

Archaeology contributes to local, national and international economic development in numerous respects, a fact that is gaining increasing attention through study and analysis. For years, large-scale multi-year excavations provided seasonal wages to local workers and supported community craft industries, although the revenues were rarely quantified or regarded as local economic development. Archaeological sites, when featured as tourist attractions, can comprise a lucrative source of revenue for their localities, and for provincial and national governments, as well as for foreign private tourism operators. Development institutions, with the intent to alleviate poverty and foster community economic development, have encouraged participation by local inhabitants in maintaining and managing archaeological sites. This emphasis results in efforts to ensure that these populations share in the economic benefits of tourism and requires that such benefits are monitored, recorded and evaluated. The presentation focuses on several instances where archaeological excavation and site management involve participation by local populations, utilizing their knowledge, cultivating skills and providing income.


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Archaeology and Economic Development. Arlene Fleming. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403214)


Keywords


Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America