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Where does the Amazon end?

Author(s): Jose Lopez

Year: 2016

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Summary

Manuals of American prehistory, divided South America into bio geographical zones, associated with archaeological traditions, and classify the basin of the Río de la Plata, as one marginal area of others with a more defined cultural profile. Systematic research and multidisciplinary projects, have discussed the boundaries of those units of archaeological and cultural analysis, as well as theoretical principles which held it.

The basin of the Río de la Plata was associated with the "Pampa" cultural tradition, by environmental similarities and in the hunter-gatherer mode of production. However, the study of mounds called "Indians cerritos" forced to discuss some paradigms, such as the “pampean filiation” of lowland hunters.

The prehistory of the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, shows similarities with the Amazonian populations; and episodes of dispersion of Arawak and Tupi Guarani populations are well documented. The lowlands of the East of Uruguay and southern Brazil constitute a unique setting for the comparative study of key aspects, as anthropogenic structures on Earth and its ecological, economic and social implications.

Rivers, river basins and aquatic environments, articulated a sphere of social interaction of long distance to the interior of the continent, crossing traditional archaeological classification based in cultural eco types.


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Cite this Record

Where does the Amazon end?. Jose Lopez. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403247)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America