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Applying Frames of Reference: The CLIMAP dataset and the Middle to Later Stone Age transition in the Namib Desert

Author(s): Theodore Marks ; Grant McCall ; Andrew Schroll ; James Enloe

Year: 2016

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Summary

In his landmark work, "Constructing Frames of Reference", Lewis Binford attempted to create a series of models relating hunter-gatherer adaptive responses to observable climatic and ecological dynamics. In Southern Africa, the large scale shift toward microlithic technologies associated with the Middle to Later Stone Age transition is believed to coincide with the environmental changes that occurred around the Last glacial Maximum. It has been frequently hypothesized in the African literature that these technological shifts corresponded with shifts in mobility and foraging strategies driven by environmental change. However, datasets useful for actually testing these ideas around the Middle to Later Stone Age transition have been lacking. Here we use data from the CLIMAP Project, a synthetic model of global and regional climatic conditions at the LGM, and lithic sourcing data from two sites in the Central Namib desert of Namibia, to model conditions at the LGM and test expectations of hunter-gatherer mobility, site use, and land use patterns against archaeological data.


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Cite this Record

Applying Frames of Reference: The CLIMAP dataset and the Middle to Later Stone Age transition in the Namib Desert. Theodore Marks, Grant McCall, Andrew Schroll, James Enloe. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403328)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
AFRICA


Spatial Coverage

min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America