Water Management in the Ancient States of South India and Sri Lanka

Author(s): Leah Marajh

Year: 2016


Water management practices have been instrumental in the rise and collapse of many complex societies. Informed through case studies from South India and Sri Lanka this paper explores the importance of water management in their developmental trajectories during the Chola (848-1279 CE) and Sinhalese Empires (377 BCE-1310 CE). Initial conditions that led to the impetus for water management include environment and climate changes. Continued growth and prosperity relied on the development and use of more sophisticated water management practices for agricultural extensification, political hegemony, and ritual worship. Interest is placed on understanding how subsequent political and social changes resulted in water management practices becoming vulnerable to perturbations, which may have ultimately contributed to the decline and collapse of these tropical societies.

Cite this Record

Water Management in the Ancient States of South India and Sri Lanka. Leah Marajh. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403361)


Spatial Coverage

min long: 59.678; min lat: 4.916 ; max long: 92.197; max lat: 37.3 ;