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The Historic House Yard Landscapes of St. Kitts’ Southeast Peninsula Plantations

Author(s): Todd Ahlman

Year: 2016

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Like most of the Leeward Islands, St. Kitts' historic economy was powered by sugar cultivation. Enslaved Africans and ultimately freedmen were the labor source in the sugar fields and from the late seventeenth century onward enslaved Africans outnumbered Europeans 15 to 1. By the early nineteenth century there were over 100 known slave villages across the island. Using data from three investigated plantation sites from St. Kitts’ southeast peninsula, the spatial arrangement of the enslaved African villages and house yards are compared. At a macroscale, enslaved Africans took advantage of and manipulated the natural landscape in each village’s spatial arrangement. A close examination of one village shows how enslaved Africans organized their activity areas to shield themselves from the overseer as well as other village members. Diachronic changes and intra-village differences in housing types are also explored.

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The Historic House Yard Landscapes of St. Kitts’ Southeast Peninsula Plantations. Todd Ahlman. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403885)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -90.747; min lat: 3.25 ; max long: -48.999; max lat: 27.683 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America