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Dietary Patterns of Paquime: New Evidence from Dental Calculus and Microfossils

Author(s): Daniel King ; Michael Searcy ; Kyle Waller

Year: 2016

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As part of a larger multinational project, we gathered and analyzed 112 samples of dental calculus (fossilized plaque) from human remains discovered at Paquimé and other sites in the Casas Grandes river valley to identify various microfossils still present in the silica matrix. Once identified, we used the prehistoric plant remains to reconstruct human/plant relationships present during the Viejo and Medio periods in and around Paquimé. Our data suggest that maize was used throughout both time periods, which supports current theories regarding Paquimean diet. Various types of grasses were also found, as were unspecified types of algae. Using our data, together with what is already known regarding prehistoric plant use in Northwestern Mexico, we suggest that the ancient inhabitants of Paquimé and its surrounding environs had a varied plant diet. Further, we claim that other plants were vital to sustaining life outside of dietary needs, as grasses, shrubs, and trees all likely provided necessary resources for the production of prehistoric Paquimean material culture.

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Dietary Patterns of Paquime: New Evidence from Dental Calculus and Microfossils. Daniel King, Michael Searcy, Kyle Waller. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 404013)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America