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Exploring Taphonomic and Contextual Comparability in Eastern Archaic Faunal Datasets

Author(s): Bonnie Styles ; Mona Colburn ; Sarah Neusius

Year: 2016

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Summary

The Eastern Archaic Faunal Working Group (EAFWG), established with funding from NSF, is preserving Archaic period faunal databases from interior portions of the Eastern Woodlands in tDAR (the Digital Archaeological Record) in order to undertake data integration at multiple scales that examines the use of aquatic resources across time and space during the Archaic. A major initial question about our existing datasets is how comparable they are taphonomically and contextually. Protocols for evaluating comparability before integrating faunal databases have been suggested by Southwestern zooarchaeologists. These protocols rely on a variety of variables related to bone condition, modification, and attrition and assess differences between intramural and extramural excavation contexts. However, modification is required to address the greater variety of animal resources and the different site contexts relevant in Eastern Woodlands archaeology. We have piloted a modified protocol, and in this poster, we report the variables selected and the results of our pilot study. We think that our approach will facilitate comparisons at multiple scales and will also be useful to other zooarchaeologists working in the Eastern Woodlands.


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Cite this Record

Exploring Taphonomic and Contextual Comparability in Eastern Archaic Faunal Datasets. Bonnie Styles, Mona Colburn, Sarah Neusius. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 404408)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -104.634; min lat: 36.739 ; max long: -80.64; max lat: 49.153 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America