More than a lexicon: Uncovering evidence of the events on the Rosetta Stone

Author(s): Jay Silverstein; Robert Littman

Year: 2016


The Rosetta Stone is one of the most famous inscriptions in the world, yet few could actually tell you about its content. The topics on the stone relate to the reign of Ptolemy V and provide critical insight into the nature of Hellenism, imperial structure, indigenous relations, ideological assimilation, and process and consequences of the Great Rebellion of 204-185 BCE against Macedonian rule. While textual references to the rebellion abound there have been few archaeological correlates. At Tell Timai (ancient Thmuis) we have evidence suggesting that the violence of the Great Rebellion had profound repercussions shaping the local and long-term nature of Greek imperial strategy. Archaeological data suggests that Thmuis, a tributary town of the adjacent regional capital of Mendes, was subject to significant violence during the period of the Great Rebellion. IN the aftermath of the violence there was a period of rebuilding and the usurpation of the political and economic dominance of Mendes resulting in the shift of the nomarchy from Mendes to Thmuis and a transition of the primary administrative organization from the theocratic temple complex to a Greek poleis.

Cite this Record

More than a lexicon: Uncovering evidence of the events on the Rosetta Stone. Jay Silverstein, Robert Littman. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 404458)

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Egypt Ptolemy Timai

Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;