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Author(s): Kirsten Tharalson

Year: 2016

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The Certain Site is a Late Archaic site in Western Oklahoma that contains at least five arroyo bison trap kills totaling over 200 animals. Numerous bison bones from these kills exhibit evidence of butchering – cut marks, green bone breaks, embedded tools. The butchering sequences associated with each kill was identified through thorough examination of these butchering marks from the site’s various arroyo kill localities. Combined with previously identified seasonality estimates for each kill, I determine whether the seasonality of kill correlates with a distinct butchering pattern. This data is also compared with the butchering patterns used at various other bison kill sites from the region to identify any possible correlations between seasonality of kill and butchering pattern used throughout Southern Plains bison kill sites.

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Cite this Record

BUTCHERING PATTERNS & SEASONALITY OF THE CERTAIN SITE, WESTERN OKLAHOMA. Kirsten Tharalson. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 404540)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.95; min lat: 30.751 ; max long: -97.163; max lat: 48.865 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America