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Kiva B Internments at the Mine Canyon Site, New Mexico: a bioarchaeology and ancient DNA approach

Author(s): Meradeth Snow ; Martha Gustafson ; Kathy Gore

Year: 2016

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Summary

Excavations at the Mine Canyon site, a PIII Chaco outlier near Farmington, New Mexico, revealed a cluster of thirteen individuals interred within Kiva B. Ancient DNA analysis of the individuals from the site demonstrated that six of the Kiva B internments belonged to the same derived form of Haplogroup A, suggesting a matrilineal relationship. Recent analysis of their burial positions suggests the Kiva B individuals are distinct from others at the site, further supported by a lack of grave goods. Additional analysis of pathology, dental calculus and decay, age distributions, and other morphological traits were also evaluated to further test whether these individuals are distinct. Synthesizing the data from this group of individuals, comparisons are made to modern and prehistoric populations in the desert Southwest. The results are discussed in terms of possible evidence of site abandonment, disease, and witchcraft.


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Kiva B Internments at the Mine Canyon Site, New Mexico: a bioarchaeology and ancient DNA approach. Meradeth Snow, Martha Gustafson, Kathy Gore. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 404594)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America