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Renewed Investigation of Sites within the Black Mesa Region, Oklahoma Panhandle

Author(s): Alesha Marcum-Heiman ; Leland Bement ; Kristen Carlson ; Brian Carter

Year: 2016

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Summary

Early archaeological investigations in the Black Mesa area of Oklahoma were geared toward the discovery of additional evidence of "Early Man" in North America. The 1926 discovery of the Folsom type site encouraged E.B. Renaud to explore caves along the Dry Cimarron just 50 kilometers downstream. Rather than discovering additional Paleoindian sites, the University of Denver’s surveys documented numerous post-Folsom occupations. Despite the early documentation of these sites, systematic investigation in the area has been sporadic. Renewed interest in this region resulted in several systematic surveys and test excavations at four archaeological sites. Results of these studies address gaps in our current understanding and build a foundation for future research. In addition to presenting new radiocarbon dates, this paper presents the results of a lithic analysis conducted to assess the usage of local outcrops of Dakota quartzite through time. Using newly acquired data, broader questions regarding subsistence and inter-regional spheres of interaction are also addressed.


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Renewed Investigation of Sites within the Black Mesa Region, Oklahoma Panhandle. Alesha Marcum-Heiman, Leland Bement, Kristen Carlson, Brian Carter. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 405010)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.95; min lat: 30.751 ; max long: -97.163; max lat: 48.865 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America