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The space between: An investigation of the changing occupied landscape at the El Brujo Archaeological Complex, Chicama Valley, Peru

Author(s): Sarah Martini

Year: 2016

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Summary

Here I present the results of a systematic surface survey investigating cultural development on the geological terrace of El Brujo in the Chicama Valley, Peru. Previous research has shown that this one square kilometer space contains over 5000 years of occupation encompassing the Early Preceramic through Colonial Periods. Based on survey and excavations that include nucleated architecture, archaeologists have assumed a general northern movement of consecutive occupations, with each new group choosing to abandon the previously occupied area. I have tested this model by combining data from such previous research with the results of my systematic surface survey of the "intermediate" areas located between architectural nuclei. Through a visualization of the densities of materials and their characteristics in ArcGIS, I analyze the spatial distribution of periods of occupations and, subsequently, the types of occupation each period represents. The results of this process reflect changes in the management of space caused by the existence of prior occupations on later occupations, allowing a discussion of new issues such as the creation and continuity of "places" of particular significance.


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The space between: An investigation of the changing occupied landscape at the El Brujo Archaeological Complex, Chicama Valley, Peru. Sarah Martini. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 405146)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
South America


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America