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Springs, stone, and shell: recent excavation at the Econfina Channel Site, a submerged Archaic site, Apalachee Bay, Florida, U.S.A.

Author(s): Jessica Cook ; Nathan Hale

Year: 2016

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Summary

We present here the results from recent surveys and excavations at the Econfina Channel Site in Apalachee Bay, Florida, U.S.A., a submerged prehistoric site with a terminus post quem of approximately 5000 B.P. This site was initially identified and excavated in the 1980s in the course of a larger survey for submerged prehistoric sites in Apalachee Bay by Faught, et al. Our relocation and new excavations at the site have confirmed the presence of chert outcrops, a shell midden deposit, and a seep where fresh water, most likely from the Floridan Aquifer, is still discharging into the Gulf of Mexico. We will discuss the findings in the larger context of the submerged archaeological landscape in Apalachee Bay and coastally adapted occupations along the Gulf of Mexico coastline, as well as offer observations concerning taphonomic issues specific to submerged prehistoric sites in this region.


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Springs, stone, and shell: recent excavation at the Econfina Channel Site, a submerged Archaic site, Apalachee Bay, Florida, U.S.A.. Jessica Cook, Nathan Hale. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 405348)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -91.274; min lat: 24.847 ; max long: -72.642; max lat: 36.386 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America