Geoarchaeological Contributions to Hohokam Archaeology

Author(s): Michael R. Waters

Year: 2016

Summary

Geoarchaeological investigations of the alluvial piedmont or bajada emanating from the Tortolita Mountains, Arizona, show that the distribution of Hohokam sites apparent from the surface is complete and undisturbed by geological processes. Late Holocene geomorphic processes and their resultant deposits on the bajada affected the location of prehistoric Hohokam agricultural settlements. Hohokam settlements were commonly situated on small alluvial fans dominated by sheetwash processes and deposition of fine-grained alluvium, where floodwater farming could be easily persued with little modification of the natural surface. Large alluvial fans, dominated by channel processes and coarse-grained alluvium were avoided by the Hohokam farmer because these areas were less suitable for floodwater farming.

Includes the "Geomorphic Analysis of Hohokam Settlement Patterns on Alluvial Fans Along the Western Flank of the Tortolita Mountains, Arizona" by Michael R. Waters.

Cite this Record

Geoarchaeological Contributions to Hohokam Archaeology. Michael R. Waters. 2016 ( tDAR id: 406085) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8406085

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.488; min lat: 31.053 ; max long: -108.545; max lat: 37.37 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Repository(s): Salt River Project, Tempe, AZ

Record Identifiers

Salt River Project Library Call No.(s): E77.H63W37

Salt River Project Library Barcode No.(s): 00027528

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Waters_GeoarchaeologicalContributions.pdf 14.87mb Jan 1, 2016 Jul 6, 2016 11:17:09 AM Confidential
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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager