The Coronado Project Archaeological Investigations: A Description of Lithic Collections from the Railroad and Transmission Line Corridors

Author(s): Claudia Berry

Year: 1984


During 1974-1978, the Museum of Northern Arizona conducted an extensive archaeological mitigation program for the Salt River Project prior to the construction of the Coronado Generating Plant near St. Johns, Arizona, and its energy corridors, the Coronado-Silver King Transmission Line and the Coronado Coal Haul Railroad. Lithic material from those corridors was separated from remaining project data and is reported herein. Objectives of this study are identification and description of all lithic material collected; the recognition of basic morphological and technological differences not related to specific raw material attributes, and additionally, whether such differences refer to specific cultures, time periods, or regions. Therefore, emphasis has been placed on the distributional analysis of raw materials in order to determine whether they were available on or adjacent to the sites, or transported there. Also, an effort has been made to describe the characteristics of material types as they affect flaking quality.

Certain methodological considerations applicable to lithic analysis are investigated, including a wide variety of project-specific conditions and processes affecting both the nature of the assemblages available for analysis and the manner in which artifact analyses were undertaken. Among these considerations are theoretical assumptions subject to either verification or repudiation; collection and sampling techniques which were utilized, their extreme variability from site to site, and the effects of this on the validity of statistical inferences; and classification problems which had to be resolved.

In this report the lithic material is first described and identified according to mineral type, i.e. chert, chalcedony, etc., with a discussion of geographic distribution. Next is classification by artifact type, and finally, lithic assemblages from individual sites are discussed in detail, with raw data from each site presented in tabular form.

Cite this Record

The Coronado Project Archaeological Investigations: A Description of Lithic Collections from the Railroad and Transmission Line Corridors. Claudia Berry. Coronado Series ,6. Flagstaff, AZ: Museum of Northern Arizona Press. 1984 ( tDAR id: 427161) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8427161

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.055; min lat: 33.367 ; max long: -109.078; max lat: 35.443 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Prepared By(s): Museum of Northern Arizona

Submitted To(s): Salt River Project

Record Identifiers

Coronado Series(s): 6

MNA Research Paper(s): 29

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager