Settlement History Along Pinal Creek in the Globe Highlands, Arizona, Volume 3: Material Culture and Special Analyses

Editor(s): Teresa L. Hoffman; David E. Doyel

Year: 2003

Summary

Excavations at sites along the State Route 88-Wheatfields (SR 88-Wheatfields) section documented a 2,500-year cultural sequence (600 B.C.-A.D. 1950) that revealed use of the area in the Late Archaic, Early Formative, Late Formative, Classic, and Historic periods, the last involving Euroamerican and Apache occupations. The SR 88-Wheatfields project documented a range of human adaptations to the complex landscapes along the middle Pinal Creek in the Globe Highlands, near present-day Miami in Gila County, Arizona. The impressive quantities of cultural remains left behind by the prehistoric Hohokam and Salado inhabitants, and the tantalizingly few remains from Apache people, provide a significant data set never before accumulated for the Globe Highlands.

This volume is a compendium of the results of the major analyses conducted to place this data within the settlement history research focus for the project, which included the research themes of subsistence-settlement systems and demography; social-political-ideological systems; technology and industry; and production, exchange, and commerce (Doyel et al. 1996, 1997). The ceramics, chipped stone, ground stone and miscellaneous stone artifacts, rare resources, shell, faunal, and archaeobotanical (pollen and flotation) remains recovered permitted these issues to be addressed from various perspectives.

As specified in the research design (Doyel et al. 1996, 1997) and detailed in the following chapters, a multistage program was implemented for the analyses of ceramic, chipped stone, and ground stone artifacts. In the first stage, all artifacts were inventoried using standard attribute coding formats. The second stage encompassed detailed analyses of materials from critical contexts (e.g., house floors, burials, middens, pit fill). All temporally diagnostic artifacts, such as decorated sherds and whole ceramic vessels, projectile points, formal tools, etc., received detailed analysis. Data were entered into an electronic database (Microsoft® Access 9.0). Analyses focused on the context in which artifacts occurred so as to address specific research issues.

Cite this Record

Settlement History Along Pinal Creek in the Globe Highlands, Arizona, Volume 3: Material Culture and Special Analyses. Teresa L. Hoffman, David E. Doyel. 2003 ( tDAR id: 428048) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8428048

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.152; min lat: 33.373 ; max long: -110.737; max lat: 33.675 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): James H. Burton; Eric Bushee; Alan Ferg; Deborah L. Ferguson; Gina S. Gage; Margaret Glass; Teresa L. Hoffman; Elizabeth J. Miksa; Danielle Montague-Judd; Fred Oglesby; Bruce G. Phillips; John M. Rapp; Victoria D. Vargas; Michael K. Wiley

Field Director(s): Gregory B. Brown; C. Scott Crownover; Bradley E. Ensor; Walter R. Punzmann

Lab Director(s): Karolyn Jackman

Principal Investigator(s): David E. Doyel; Margerie Green

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd.

Submitted To(s): Arizona Department of Transportation

Record Identifiers

Project No.(s): 1996-12-133; F-038-1-202

Cultural Resources Report No.(s): 112

TRACS No.(s): 088 GI 245 H2726 01L

Contract No.(s): 96-34

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager