Bristol Houses: the Order of Merchant Capitalism in England's Second City

Author(s): Roger H Leech

Year: 2013


A survey of housing in medieval and early modern Bristol provides insights into how the urban elite overtly or less obviously reinforced social inequality and hierarchy.  Some of these elements of urban culture relate to those identified elsewhere, notably in the writings of Glassie, Deetz and Leone with reference to the vernacular architecture and social structure of 18th-century North America, the use of classical architecture, falling gardens and baroque street plans.  Other elements identified in Bristol include distinctions between shophouses and hallhouses, the use of the symbolic hall, the building of second residences, lodges, garden houses or villas, the concealment of dwellings in multiple occupation behind a façade giving the impression of a single structure, and the seemingly natural arrangement of the house in a hierarchical manner.  Georgianisation or the Georgian order, a term argued to be chronologically incorrect, might now be called the early modern order of merchant capitalism.

Cite this Record

Bristol Houses: the Order of Merchant Capitalism in England's Second City. Roger H Leech. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428234)

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Temporal Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -8.158; min lat: 49.955 ; max long: 1.749; max lat: 60.722 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 553