tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Potential Diver Impacts on Underwater Cultural Heritage: Case Studies from Asia-Pacific

Author(s): Joanne L Edney

Year: 2013

» Downloads & Basic Metadata


Underwater cultural heritage sites, particularly ship and aircraft wrecks, are becoming increasingly popular and important attractions for recreational scuba divers. However, use of these sites by divers can result in a range of adverse impacts such as boat anchor damage, disturbance to and removal of artefacts, deliberate and accidental contacts with wrecks and artefacts, as well as exhaled air bubbles. Whilst these impacts may not present a major threat in comparison to other human impacts, such as fishing activities, extractive industries or commercial salvage, their cumulative effect can be significant particularly at sites where visitation levels are high. Drawing on examples from the Asia Pacific region, this paper will discuss the causes and nature of potential recreational diver impacts on wreck sites and outline recommended management strategies to mitigate such impacts. A framework and directions for future research to quantify diver impacts will be outlined.

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Cite this Record

Potential Diver Impacts on Underwater Cultural Heritage: Case Studies from Asia-Pacific. Joanne L Edney. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428357)


Spatial Coverage

min long: 112.952; min lat: -43.648 ; max long: 153.606; max lat: -10.71 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 209

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America