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Community Formation, Consumption, and Gender at Camp Nelson’s ‘Home for Colored Refugees’

Author(s): W. Stephen McBride ; Kim A. McBride

Year: 2013

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Following the tragic expulsion of four hundred African-American women and children from Camp Nelson, KY in November 1864, of which 102 died, these refugees were allowed to return and the ‘Home for Colored Refugees’ was constructed.  This expulsion also led to the emancipation of these refugees by the Congressional Act of March 3, 1865.  By the summer of 1865 this ‘Home’ housed over 3000 former slaves who lived in a variety of housing, including duplex cottages, tents, dormitories, and home-made huts.    After the removal of the Freedmen’s’ Bureau and the U.S. Army between fall 1865 and summer 1866, many of these women chose to stay in the ‘Home’, since their husbands were still in the army, and help create a new community, now known as The Hall.  Archaeology at Civil War and Post-bellum house-sites lend insights into housing, foodways, and other consumption patterns as these people changed from refugees to independent people. 

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Cite this Record

Community Formation, Consumption, and Gender at Camp Nelson’s ‘Home for Colored Refugees’. W. Stephen McBride, Kim A. McBride. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428370)


Temporal Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 190

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America