Buoyancy and Stability of the Warwick: Analytical Study of Ballast 

Author(s): Jeffrey R Delsescaux; Piotr T Bojakowski

Year: 2013


For the past three years, archaeologists have been carefully excavating the remains of the early 17th-Century English vessel Warwick on the bottom of Castle Harbor, Bermuda.  Although the wreck was partially salvaged in the 1970’s, leaving much of the ballast rocks scattered around the site and unrecorded, there was a small portion of ballast found intact during the 2011 field season. This intact section yielded some interesting artifacts and allowed for better insights into 17th-Century practices of ballasting. This paper will discuss the analysis of the Warwick ballast and how it relates to the early 17th-Century methods of buoyancy and stability refinement of sea-going vessels. 

Cite this Record

Buoyancy and Stability of the Warwick: Analytical Study of Ballast . Jeffrey R Delsescaux, Piotr T Bojakowski. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428374)


Temporal Keywords
Post-medieval period

Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 355