Archeological Survey of Saguaro National Monument, 1994: The Saguaro Land Acquisition and Trails Inventory

Author(s): Kevin D. Wellman

Year: 1994


This volume reports on the findings of archeological survey conducted in the Saguaro National Monument in the late spring of 1994. The cultural resource inventory of 740 acres was conducted by four Western Archeological and Conservation Center archeologists between April 25 and May 20, 1994. The surveyed area included 360 acres of land included in the recently (1991) expanded boundary of the Rincon Mountain Unit (RMU) and 380 acres of heavily used land located in the northeast corner of the Tucson Mountain Unit (TMU). The goal of the survey was to document cultural resources in order to assist the monument staff in the management of monument resources.

Twenty-nine archeological sites and eighty-five isolated finds were recorded. All eight sites recorded at RMU were Hohokam affiliated prehistoric sites. They include five artifact scatters, 2 residential sites and 1 agricultural site. All forty-five isolated finds at RMU are also prehistoric. At TMU, 21 sites include 1 primarily Archaic site, 7 primarily Hohokam sites, 3 historic sites, and 10 sites of indeterminate affiliation. Prehistoric sites at TMU include six artifact scatters and 2 rock art sites. Historic sites at TMU all are associated with early 20th century mining. The forty isolated finds at TMU include 29 with prehistoric items, 9 with historic items, and 2 isolates with both prehisturic and historic items.

Discussions of site condition, siguificance, and management recommendations are included to assist the monument staff in future management decisions. Potential threats to the cultural resources are

considered along with possible mitigating actions.

Appendices include a table of concordance with the field site numbers (used in this report) and assigned ASM site numbers, a list of collected artifacts and catalogue numbers, and finally, site descriptions and planviews for each site recorded.

Cite this Record

Archeological Survey of Saguaro National Monument, 1994: The Saguaro Land Acquisition and Trails Inventory. Kevin D. Wellman. Publications in Anthropology ,65. Tucson, Arizona: Western Archeological and Conservation Center. 1994 ( tDAR id: 4305) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8MC8X3D

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: -4000 to 1900

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.264; min lat: 32.099 ; max long: -110.503; max lat: 32.357 ;

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