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Defending The East Coast: Adapting And Converting Commercial Ships For Military Operations

Author(s): William S. Sassorossi

Year: 2015

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Summary

The United States was not fully prepared for war in the Atlantic Ocean directly following the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.  Plans and resources were needed to counter Germany's U-boat operations that quickly followed the Japanese attack.  The U.S. Navy acquired ships of all types from both public and commercial sectors and adapted them for military use.  The focus of this study will be on converted fishing trawlers, specifically ones ultimately wrecked off of the coast of North Carolina.  The vessels YP-389, HMS Senateur Duhamel, and HMT Bedfordshire were used commercially prior to the outbreak of the war and then converted for military operations.  The purpose of this study to better understand each ship’s use as a military vessel, to include adaptation and conversion methods.  Combining historical and archaeological references this study hopes to understand conversion methods and reasoning for adapting commercial vessels for military use.


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Defending The East Coast: Adapting And Converting Commercial Ships For Military Operations. William S. Sassorossi. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Seattle, Washington. 2015 ( tDAR id: 433770)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 29

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America