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The Archaeology of Class, Status and Authority Within Mid-19th Century U. S. Army Commissioned Officers: Examples from Fort Yamhill and Fort Hoskins, Oregon 1856-1866

Author(s): Justin E Eichelberger

Year: 2015

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Summary

In 1856 Fort Yamhill and Fort Hoskins were established to guard the newly established Oregon Coast Reservation.  Charged with controlling traffic in and out of the northern part of the reservation these posts served as "post-graduate schools" for several officers who would later become high ranking generals during the American Civil War.  During their service these men, often affluent and well educated, held the highest social, economic and military ranks at these frontier military posts.  This paper examines the material culture associated with six of the commissioned officer’s houses from these posts.  The archaeological assemblages from these houses vary in terms of artifact quality, quantity and variety by military rank and suggests that although mid-19th century U. S. Army officers were united by notions of class, status and authority they were competitive individuals that were interested in displaying and affirming their military, social and economic position.


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Cite this Record

The Archaeology of Class, Status and Authority Within Mid-19th Century U. S. Army Commissioned Officers: Examples from Fort Yamhill and Fort Hoskins, Oregon 1856-1866. Justin E Eichelberger. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Seattle, Washington. 2015 ( tDAR id: 433865)


Keywords

Temporal Keywords
1856-1866


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 395

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America