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Agriculture As Impetus For Culture Contact In Carolina During The 1670s

Author(s): Andrew Agha

Year: 2016

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Summary

The first colonists who arrived at Charles Towne in 1670 came with new tropical cultivars and familiar, Old World crops, as well as explicit planting instructions from the Lords Proprietors—mainly Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, the 1st Earl of Shaftesbury. Shaftesbury was himself an avid British planter and asserted that planting, and nothing else, created colonies. His first plantation in Carolina did not produce the crops he desired, and in 1674, he founded a new, much larger estate farm. This 12,000 acre St. Giles Plantation contained over 15 enslaved Africans and possibly over 30 white indentured servants. Agriculture, alien and familiar, brought these radically different peoples together when Carolina plantations were just becoming a reality. This paper explores how formal and informal agriculture brought these Africans and Europeans into contact with each other, and what that unity or disparity may have looked like at the sites influenced by Shaftesbury.


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Agriculture As Impetus For Culture Contact In Carolina During The 1670s. Andrew Agha. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Washington, D.C. 2016 ( tDAR id: 434364)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 882

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America