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Spatial Analysis of the Free African Community of Kingstown, Tortola, British Virgin Islands

Author(s): John Chenoweth

Year: 2016

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Summary

Forming a different kind of plantation community, a unique group of African people who were never enslaved existed in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) in the 1830s to 1850s.  Captured for slavery in Africa after the British ended the slave trade in 1807, and after much loss and time, these people were given a plantation on Tortola where they lived—surrounded at first by enslaved people—in a settlement known as Kingstown.  An 1831 map of their settlement exists, providing insight primarily into how the British colonial authorities wished them to use their land.  Using ArcGIS, this paper places this map in its 3-dimensional context, quantitatively explores how the residents would have experienced their land and analyzes the limits this British Colonial scheme would have placed on the "Kingstown People," trying to force them into the role of stereotypical English peasants.


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Spatial Analysis of the Free African Community of Kingstown, Tortola, British Virgin Islands. John Chenoweth. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Washington, D.C. 2016 ( tDAR id: 434373)


Keywords

Temporal Keywords
19th Century


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 96

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America