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New Data from the Great Meadows: Geophysical and Archaeological Investigations at Fort Necessity National Battlefield

Author(s): Mike Whitehead ; Ben Ford

Year: 2016

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Summary

Fort Necessity National Battlefield marks the location of the July 3, 1754 engagement between British and Colonial forces led by Lt. Col. George Washington and a force of French soldiers and allied Native Americans.  The day-long battle took place within the Great Meadows, a natural clearing chosen by Washington to centralize supplies and livestock while clearing a road westward through the Allegheny Mountains.  A hastily fortified storehouse referred to as a "fort of necessity" was ultimately surrendered to the French in what is now considered a prelude to the French and Indian War.  The results of recent geophysical and archaeological investigations in the Great Meadows are discussed; conducted to search for historic features relating to the 1754 expedition and ensuing battle, including encampment remains and fortification outworks.  This paper also discusses the applicability of a deductive approach to archaeo-geophysical research design at historic fort and battlefield sites.  


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Cite this Record

New Data from the Great Meadows: Geophysical and Archaeological Investigations at Fort Necessity National Battlefield. Mike Whitehead, Ben Ford. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Washington, D.C. 2016 ( tDAR id: 434465)


Keywords

Temporal Keywords
French and Indian War


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 99

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America