From Great Meadows to Petersburg: Battlefield Archaeology in National Parks

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  • Documents (8)

  • Bullets, Shrapnel, Case, and Canister: Archaeology and GIS at the Piper Farm, Antietam National Battlefield (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephen R. Potter. Tom Gwaltney. Karen L. Orrence.

    Union and Confederate forces fought at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American military history with nearly 23,000 dead, wounded, and missing. Some of the fiercest fighting occurred around the Sunken Road -- the northern boundary of the Henry Piper farm. Over four field seasons, archaeologists conducted a systematic metal-detector survey of the Piper Orchard, site of the Confederates’ retreat from the Sunken Road and...

  • Determining Battle Lines: a pXRF study of lead shot from the Battle of Palo Alto. (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only michael seibert. John Cornelison. Rolando Garza. Sara Kovalaskas. Bruce Kaiser.

    In 2012-2013, the Southeast Archeological Center undertook a project to analyze the chemical composition of the lead shot recovered from their recent archaeological surveys at Palo Alto National Historical Park, site of the first battle of the U.S.-Mexican War. Using a portable x-ray fluorescence machine, 771 lead shot samples were analyzed in order to ascertain whether there was a difference in the chemical makeup between the lead shot that had been previously identified, using traditional...

  • Fusing Multiple Remote-Sensing Technologies to Identify the Elusive Barricade from the 1814 Battle of Horseshoe Bend (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only John Cornelison. michael seibert.

    Horseshoe Bend is the scene of an important and controversial battle that took place during the Creek Wars of 1813-14. Over 800 Creek warriors were killed during the battle, the largest number of American Indian deaths from any battle in United States history. Recent scholarship has shown that this battle and its aftermath were the end of a 60 year struggle for control of the trans-Appalachian interior. These conflicts began with the French and Indian War (1754-63) and continued until the end of...

  • New Data from the Great Meadows: Geophysical and Archaeological Investigations at Fort Necessity National Battlefield (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mike Whitehead. Ben Ford.

    Fort Necessity National Battlefield marks the location of the July 3, 1754 engagement between British and Colonial forces led by Lt. Col. George Washington and a force of French soldiers and allied Native Americans.  The day-long battle took place within the Great Meadows, a natural clearing chosen by Washington to centralize supplies and livestock while clearing a road westward through the Allegheny Mountains.  A hastily fortified storehouse referred to as a "fort of necessity" was ultimately...

  • On the Banks Opposite of Matamoros: Using Modern Archeological Techniques to Understand and Manage the Opening Battles of the U.S.-Mexican War 1846-1848 (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rolando Garza. John Cornelison. michael seibert.

    In the spring of 1846 General Zachary Taylor led half of the U.S. Army to the northern banks of the Rio Grande to occupy the territory claimed by both Mexico and the recently annexed state of Texas.  This show of force was intended to pressure Mexico into peacefully releasing these lands to the United States.  However, by early May Taylor’s troops would defeat the Mexican Army at the battles of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, and the Siege of Fort Brown and occupy Matamoros.  These opening...

  • Parker's Revenge - a Running Battle: First Day of the Revolutionary War, Minute Man National Historical Park (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Meg Watters.

    April 19, 1775, at the border of Lexington and Lincoln in Massachusetts, Captain John Parker and the Lexington Militia met the British Regular troops as they retreated to Boston following the exchange of fire that marked the start of the Revolutionary War at Concord’s North Bridge.  The Parker’s Revenge Project seeks to determine the location of the Parker’s Revenge battle through an innovative approach to funding, research, and public engagement.  Funded by the Friends of the Minute Man...

  • The River Overlook Fortifications on Bemus Heights at Saratoga NHP (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only William A Griswold.

    The fortification of Bemus Heights at Saratoga by the Americans during the Revolutionary War was engineered by Thaddeus Kosciuszko, a Polish military engineer who had taken up the American cause at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Kosciusko designed the fortifications on Bemus Heights at the River Overlook to oppose the British plan to advance to Albany along the River Road.  In 2009, a geophysical study was conducted on one of the River Fortification elements in Kosciusko’s defense...

  • "A Strange Sort of Warfare Underground": Mines and Countermines on the Petersburg Front, 1864 (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Julia Steele. David Lowe. Philip Shiman.

    Petersburg, Virginia, is known for the mine explosion that destroyed a Confederate fort and initiated the Battle of the Crater.  This was not the only mining effort on the siege line.  Even before the July 30, 1864, explosion, the Confederate defenders of Petersburg constructed countermines in places where the terrain was susceptible to underground enemy approaches.  The use of LIDAR imagery, map and photographic analysis, documentary research and field survey has revealed two extensive sets of...