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The Black and White of It: Rural Tenant and African American Enslaved and Free Worker Life at the Rumsey/Polk Tenant/Prehistoric site

Author(s): Ilene B. Grossman-Bailey ; Michael J. Gall ; Adam Heinrich ; Philip A. Hayden

Year: 2016

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Summary

Rich and provocative data on 1740s to 1850s tenant occupations were revealed by Phase II and III archaeological investigations at Locus 1 of the Rumsey/Polk Tenant/Prehistoric site.  Documentary research, the recovery of 42,996 historic artifacts, and the discovery of 622 features, provided a rare glimpse into the lives of free and enslaved African American workers and white tenants living side-by-side in the racially charged atmosphere of 18th- and 19th-century Delaware. Artifacts like wolf bones, fish remains, tobacco seeds, a pewter spoon, and a presidential campaign pipe, along with subfloor pits and cellars helped weave the story of the lives and experiences of white tenants and their African American workers on a tenant farm in the Chesapeake Watershed.   


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Cite this Record

The Black and White of It: Rural Tenant and African American Enslaved and Free Worker Life at the Rumsey/Polk Tenant/Prehistoric site. Ilene B. Grossman-Bailey, Michael J. Gall, Adam Heinrich, Philip A. Hayden. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Washington, D.C. 2016 ( tDAR id: 434620)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 431

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America