tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Artifacts of Agency, Status, and Empowerment: Colonoware, Crystals, Wig Hair Curlers

Author(s): Laura Galke

Year: 2016

» Downloads & Basic Metadata


Section 110 archaeological investigations at Manassas National Battlefield Park (MANA) sparked breakthroughs in the recognition of quartz crystal caches and the meaning of colonoware: contributions which continue to shape historical archaeology. These categories of material culture have become emblems for spirited discussions about the dimensions of meaning, identity, and agency. The corpus of work from MANA continues to influence and contribute to understanding multivariate dimensions of meanings embedded within material culture, illustrated by one of the tools of enslavement at the mid-eighteenth century home of George Washington: wig hair curlers. Used to maintain the wigs so essential to a gentleman’s identity, wig hair curlers were employed by enslaved valets to bolster their masters’ status. Curlers embody complex expressions of status, identity, and meaning.

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Cite this Record

Artifacts of Agency, Status, and Empowerment: Colonoware, Crystals, Wig Hair Curlers. Laura Galke. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Washington, D.C. 2016 ( tDAR id: 434892)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 87

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America