Historic and Archaeological Reconnaissance/Inventory Survey: Cultural Resources Management Plan, New Boston Air Force Station, New Boston, Mont Vernon, Amherst, New Hampshire, Volume 1


The Public Archaeology Laboratory, Inc., under contract with ENSR Consulting and Engineering, recently completed an historic and archaeological reconnaissance/inventory survey of the New Boston Air Force Station (NBAFS) located in New Boston, Mont Vernon, and Amherst, New Hampshire. A total of 2,826 acres are encompassed by the NBAFS, with approximately 2,620 under management for conservation. The existing operational facilities are located on approximately 40 acres. The purpose of the survey was to provide needed data for the NBAFS Historic Preservation Plan. The plan will include an inventory and evaluation of all prehistoric and historic resources known within the base. These cultural resources are to be considered in the long-range planning process for the facility, which will allow for increased recreational use, and natural resource management projects such as tree cutting and planting.

Prior to fieldwork, the NBAFS was divided into 48 whole or partial study units and ranked in terms of archaeological sensitivity on environmental attributes including level terrain, well-drained soils, and proximity of freshwater. A walkover of the base refined the sensitivity assessment, located disturbed areas, and checked for surface finds from both prehistoric and historic resources. In addition, the 24 previously identified historic sites were examined. While no prehistoric resources were located during the walkover, four new historic sites were identified.

A total of 710, 50 x 50 cm test pits were excavated during the survey. Two prehistoric sites were located. Four prehistoric find spots consisting of relatively low densities of quartz chipping debris indicating temporary camp sites were also found. No diagnostic prehistoric materials were recovered. Cultural material recovered from the historic sites indicated construction and occupation from the mid-eighteenth to late nineteenth century. At least four sites appear to have been occupied into the twentieth century until military acquisition of the land.

This volume includes the introduction, research design and testing strategies, environmental setting, prehistoric and historic land use and settlement patterns, results of the prehistoric and historic sites survey, conclusions and recommendations, and references cited.

Cite this Record

Historic and Archaeological Reconnaissance/Inventory Survey: Cultural Resources Management Plan, New Boston Air Force Station, New Boston, Mont Vernon, Amherst, New Hampshire, Volume 1. The Public Archaeology Laboratory, Inc.. 1993 ( tDAR id: 438079) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8438079

Spatial Coverage

min long: -71.657; min lat: 42.915 ; max long: -71.607; max lat: 42.949 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): New Boston Air Force Station

Principal Investigator(s): Suzanne Glover; Ann K. Davin

Project Director(s): Paul Russo; Steven Willan

Sponsor(s): ENSR Consulting and Engineering

Prepared By(s): The Public Archaeology Laboratory

Submitted To(s): U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New England District

Record Identifiers

Delivery Order No.(s): 2

Report No.(s): 480

Contract No.(s): DACA 33-92-D-0005

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
PAL_CR-Management-Plan-NBAFS-VOL-1_1993_OCR_PDFA.pdf 21.27mb Jun 1, 1993 Sep 13, 2017 3:37:49 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): New Boston Air Force Station

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