Intersectional Feminist Theory And Materializations Of Multiple, Fluid, Interacting Gender Identities, Exemplified By Immigrant Participants' Negotiations In Reform Women’s Programs Around The Turn Of The 20th Century
Author(s): Suzanne Spencer-Wood
Feminists have theorized intersectionality in two related ways: in1970 Pauli Murray discussed the "multiple barriers of poverty, race and sex," and in 1989 Kimberlé Crenshaw named interlinked racism and sexism intersectionality, which she recently expanded to include classism, heterosexism, homophobia, ableism, etc. Another kind of intersectionality feminists have theorized are the relationships between gender, class, race, ethnicity, religion, age, etc. in people’s identities, which are the basis for intersecting multiplied discriminations. Some historical archaeologists have long researched intersections. In 1978 Spencer-Wood proposed teaching a course connecting sexism and racism in the women’s studies program at the University of Massachusetts/Amherst. Since 1981 she researched how poor immigrant groups that were considered separate races negotiated with middle-class reform women concerning the programs they offered to assist immigrants. This research led Spencer-Wood to develop theoretical continuum models of multiple fluid interacting identities and power dynamics. Chapters in Scott’s 1994 edited volume addressed intersections.
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Intersectional Feminist Theory And Materializations Of Multiple, Fluid, Interacting Gender Identities, Exemplified By Immigrant Participants' Negotiations In Reform Women’s Programs Around The Turn Of The 20th Century. Suzanne Spencer-Wood. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2018 ( tDAR id: 441343)
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