Deciphering Social Structure: A Cognitive Approach in Examining Casma and Chimú Ceramic Iconography
The choices groups make in the type of decorative techniques and styles on ceramics are referential to key components of a group’s social structure. This research examines social aspects of the Casma and Chimú using a cognitive approach in analyzing iconographic elements on elite ceramics from Pan de Azucár, located in the Nepeña Valley, Peru. Casma ceramics are locally made vessels where no two are alike and are characteristically defined by the presence of circle-and-dot and serpentine appliques. Comparatively, Chimú ceramics are mass-produced mold made vessels that are identifiable by its’ polished exterior decorated with intricate designs and bird and monkey appliques. Based on the type of iconography the Casma and Chimú used for social expression we argue that the Casma were an internally driven culture while the Chimú were an externally driven culture. Additionally, elements of Chimú iconography show evidence for their imperialistic disposition and give us insight into the interaction between the Casma and Chimú during the Late Intermediate Period (A.D. 1000-1400) in the Nepeña Valley.
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Deciphering Social Structure: A Cognitive Approach in Examining Casma and Chimú Ceramic Iconography. India Kotis, Jenna Hurtubise. Presented at The 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Washington, DC. 2018 ( tDAR id: 442580)
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min long: -82.441; min lat: -56.17 ; max long: -64.863; max lat: 16.636 ;
Abstract Id(s): 21353