Diachronic and Spatial Perspectives for Exploring the Ethnogenesis of Afro-Andean Populations in Southern Coastal Peru
Author(s): Brendan Weaver
Ecclesiastical records suggest that the Ingenio Valley in Nasca’s northern Rio Grande Drainage has been defined by a predominantly black population since the early 17th century, most of whom worked as enslaved laborers on the two large Jesuit wine haciendas and a number of smaller secular estates in the valley. In this paper I approximate Afro-Andean ethnogenesis in the coastal valleys of Nasca from multiple temporal and spatial scales, considering both historical documentation and archaeological evidence. A close examination of documentation across the subsequent two centuries opens a window onto the complexities and contradiction of mapping casta categories onto the valley’s social geography. Archaeology offers a means to explore slave-dominated spaces on the Jesuit wine estates and the production of an hacienda aesthetic which contentiously incorporated a host of African, European, and Andean signs, revealing of both dissensus and social cohesion among the heterogeneous enslaved and free Afro-Andean hacienda population.
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Diachronic and Spatial Perspectives for Exploring the Ethnogenesis of Afro-Andean Populations in Southern Coastal Peru. Brendan Weaver. Presented at The 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Washington, DC. 2018 ( tDAR id: 445270)
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min long: -82.441; min lat: -56.17 ; max long: -64.863; max lat: 16.636 ;
Abstract Id(s): 21359