Understanding Gallina Pitstructures
This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.
The Gallina culture is one with a fascinating history of violence, defensive environments, unique artifacts, and most importantly—the sustained habitation of pitstructures for the duration of their 200 year occupation (AD 1100—1300). This behavior is dissimilar to the surrounding pueblo period cultures. Several cultural resource management firms have conducted intensive pedestrian surveys of approximately 10,000 acres of the Gallina region in which numerous pitstructures have been identified and recorded. This paper assesses the variation in the physical and environmental contexts of a sample of pitstructures recorded during recent cultural surveys. It is expected that certain relationships among the structures may be identified, including the density of artifacts and the placement of structural materials and masonry structures associated with each feature. This study will examine the types of artifacts, the locations of external unit houses/bin features, and the directions in which they were constructed to better understand social constructs of the Gallina culture.
Cite this Record
Understanding Gallina Pitstructures. Alissa Healy, Jana Comstock. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 450063)
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min long: -123.97; min lat: 37.996 ; max long: -101.997; max lat: 46.134 ;
Abstract Id(s): 24778