Thinking about Ecotopes: Two Thousand Years of Landscape’s Continuities and Discontinuities in the North Coast of the Central Andes
This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.
This work seeks to analyze the continuities and discontinuities on the landscapes occupied by ancient Moche (an archaeological culture which flourished on the north coast of the central Andes between the first and eighth centuries) and contemporary populations. We intend to refine the discussion about the effectiveness and limitations of the ecotopes concept – considered by Ethnoecology as "minimum landscape unit" or "type of place". About 230 Moche fine-line ceramic vases – selected from the collections held by the Larco Herrera Museum (Peru) and the Ethnological Museum of Berlin (Germany) – were analyzed. In addition, we carried out ethnographic research among the living populations in the district of Mórrope (Lambayeque). This included interviews, ecological participative mapping and guided tours. Our results point to four main types of landscapes in ceramic iconography: green hills, dry forests, deserts, and flooded zones. The use of plants as ecological markers proved to be very efficient, especially for the green hills portrayed in the vessels. The most important ecotopes are still identified by the local population and, in some cases, with high degree of details and confidence. However, all the ancient rite practices portrayed on the vases have disappeared.
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Thinking about Ecotopes: Two Thousand Years of Landscape’s Continuities and Discontinuities in the North Coast of the Central Andes. Diego Bitencourt Mañas, Bruno Trípode Bartaquini, Rui Sérgio Sereni Murrieta, Marcia Maria Arcuri Suñer, Ignácio Alva Meneses. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 450135)
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min long: -82.441; min lat: -56.17 ; max long: -64.863; max lat: 16.636 ;
Abstract Id(s): 25049