New Philadelphia Archaeology Project

Summary

New Philadelphia in Pike County, Illinois is situated between the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. It is the first known town planned, platted and legally registered by an African American in the United States. In 1836, Frank McWorter subdivided 42 acres to form the town. He then used revenue from the sale of the lots to purchase freedom for other members of his family (Walker 1983). African Americans as well as those of European descent moved to New Philadelphia and created a multi–racial community. New

Philadelphia also serves as an important example of a farming community on the nation’s Midwestern frontier.

The town’s population peaked at about 160 people after the American Civil War, a size comparable to many Pike County communities today (King 2005). By the end of the century, however, racial and corporate politics of America’s gilded age tolled the death knell for the settlement. The new railroad line bypassed the town. Many of New Philadelphia’s residents moved away and, by the early twentieth century, only a few families remained.

Today, most of the original 42 acres have been returned to agricultural use, are planted in prairie grass, or lay fallow. Only a few scattered house foundations are visible in the fields. In the summer of 2002, Vibert White, then from the University of Illinois– Springfield (now with University of Central Florida), initiated a long–term research project to study and celebrate the history of New Philadelphia with the support of the New Philadelphia Association (NPA). The University of Maryland (UM) gathered census data, deeds, and tax records, as well as other primary and secondary sources.

A collaborative project between the UM, Illinois State Museum (ISM), University of Illinois (UI), and the NPA helped to initiate an archaeological pedestrian survey in 2002 and 2003 (Gwaltney 2004). Our initial archaeological survey work, along with Geographic Information System (GIS) overlays, identified several areas with discrete archeological deposits associated with known house lots (see below and Gwaltney 2004). This information along with the collection of census, deed, and tax information provided the research team with clues about the general settlement of the site. Fieldwork and analysis continued for several years. The results of the archaeological and historical analysis of New Philadelphia, Illinois, is presented in the documents and other information included in this tDAR project.

Cite this Record

New Philadelphia Archaeology Project. ( tDAR id: 3805) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8Q52R0D

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: -8000 to 2010

Spatial Coverage

min long: -90.975; min lat: 39.684 ; max long: -90.942; max lat: 39.719 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Principal Investigator(s): Christopher Fennell

Project Director(s): Paul Shackel; Terrance Martin; Anna Agbe-Davies

Collaborator(s): University of Maryland; Illinois State Museum; University of North Carolina

Sponsor(s): University of Illinois

Repository(s): Illinois State Museum

Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-100 of 258)

Documents

  1. 1850 New Philadelphia Federal Census (2006)
  2. 1855 New Philadelphia State Census (2006)
  3. 1860 New Philadelphia Federal Census (2006)
  4. 1865 New Philadelphia State Census (2006)
  5. 1870 New Philadelphia Federal Census (2006)
  6. 1880 New Philadelphia Federal Census (2006)
  7. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 1, Introduction (2006)
  8. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 2, Background History (2006)
  9. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3A, Archaeological Excavations (2006)
  10. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3B, Block 3 (2006)
  11. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3C, Block 4 (2006)
  12. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3D, Block 7 (2006)
  13. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3E, Block 8 (2006)
  14. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3F, Block 9 (2006)
  15. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3G, Block 13 (2006)
  16. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3H, Archaeobotanical Analysis of Features 7, 13, 14, 18, and 19 (2006)
  17. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 4, Summary and Suggestions (2006)
  18. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 13, Lots 3 and 4 (2006)
  19. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 3, Lot 1 (2006)
  20. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 3, Lot 3 (2006)
  21. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 3, Lot 4 (2006)
  22. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 3, Lot 6 (2006)
  23. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 3, Lot 6 (2006)
  24. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 3, Lot 7 (2006)
  25. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 3, Lots 4 and 6 (2006)
  26. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 4, Lot 1 (2006)
  27. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 4, Lot 1 (2006)
  28. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 7, Lot 1 (2006)
  29. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 8, Lot 2 (2006)
  30. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 8, Lot 4 (2006)
  31. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 8, Lot 4 (2006)
  32. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 9, Lot 4 (2006)
  33. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Excavation Unit Summaries, Block 9, Lot 5 (2006)
  34. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, References Cited (2006)
  35. 2006 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Table of Contents (2006)
  36. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 1 (2008)
  37. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 10, Unit and Feature Summaries (2008)
  38. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 2, An Investigation of New Philadelphia Using Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing (2008)
  39. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 3, Block 3, Lot 4 (2008)
  40. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 4, Block 7, Lot 1 (2008)
  41. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 5, Block 8, Lots 1-2, Searching for the African-American School House (2008)
  42. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 6, King Street, North of Block 8 (2008)
  43. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 7, Core Sampling of Terraces West of Broad Way (2008)
  44. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 8, Concluding Observations and Recommendations (2008)
  45. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Chapter 9, References Cited (2008)
  46. 2008 New Philadelphia Archaeology Report, Table of Contents (2008)
  47. 2009 Update of Aerial Thermal Survey Report for New Philadelphia, Illinois (2009)
  48. 2013 Archaeology Report, 2008-2011, New Philadelphia, Illinois Archaeology Project (2013)
  49. Census Key: Agriculture; 1850 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  50. Census Key: Agriculture; 1850 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  51. Census Key: Agriculture; 1860 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  52. Census Key: Agriculture; 1860 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  53. Census Key: Agriculture; 1870 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  54. Census Key: Agriculture; 1870 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  55. Census Key: Agriculture; 1880 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  56. Census Key: Agriculture; 1880 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  57. Census Key: Mortality; 1850 U.S. Census: Mortality Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  58. Census Key: Mortality; 1860 U.S. Census: Mortality Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  59. Census Key: Mortality; 1870 U.S. Census: Mortality Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  60. Census Key: Mortality; 1880 U.S. Census: Mortality Schedules for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois (2006)
  61. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005 (2006)
  62. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 1, Resistivity Survey, Block 9, Lots 5 and 6 (2006)
  63. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 10, Excavation Unit 2, Block 7, Lot 1, Overlain on Magnetic Gradient Survey (2006)
  64. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 11, Feature 3, Excavation Unit 2, Block 7, Lot 1 (2006)
  65. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 12, Excavation Units 1-3, Block 8, Lot 4, Overlain on Magnetic Gradient Survey (2006)
  66. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 13, Feature 4, Excavation Units 1-12, Block 8, Lot 4 (2006)
  67. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 14, Excavation Unit Locations, Block 3, Lots 4 and 5 (2006)
  68. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 15, Features 2, 8, and 10, Block 3, Lots 4 and 5 (2006)
  69. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 15, Features 9, 11, and 12, Block 13, Lots 3 and 4 (2006)
  70. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 16, Electrical Resistance Survey, Block 13, Lots 2-4, No High Pass Filter (2006)
  71. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 17, Electrical Resistance Survey, Block 13, Lots 2-4, with High Pass Filter (2006)
  72. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 18, Electrical Resistance Survey, Block 13, Lots 2-4, with High Pass Filter and Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  73. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 19, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Block 13, Lots 2-4, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  74. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 2, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Block 9, Lots 5 and 6 (2006)
  75. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 20, Resistivity Survey, Block 4, Lots 1-2, 7-8 (2006)
  76. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 21, Resistivity Survey, Block 4, Lots 1-2, 7-8, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  77. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 22, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Block 4, Lots 1-3, 6-8, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  78. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 22a, Excavation Units 1-8, Block 4, Lot 1, Overlain on Magnetic Gradient Survey (2006)
  79. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 22b, Features 7 and 13, Excavation Units 1-8, Block 4, Lot 1 (2006)
  80. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 23, Resistivity Survey, Block 3, Lots 1 and 2 (2006)
  81. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 24, Resistivity Survey, Block 3, Lots 1 and 2, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  82. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 25, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Block 3, Lots 2-7, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  83. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 26, Resistivity Survey, Block 8, Lots 3-6 (2006)
  84. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 27, Resistivity Survey, Block 8, Lots 3-6, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  85. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 28, Resistivity Survey, Block 9, Lots 3 and 4 (2006)
  86. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 29, Resistivity Survey, Block 9, Lots 3 and 4, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  87. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 3, Excavation Units 1-3, Block 9, Lot 5, Overlain on Electrical Resistance Survey (2006)
  88. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 30, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Block 9, Lots 3 and 4, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  89. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 31, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Block 13, Lots 2-4, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  90. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 31a, Excavation Units, Block 13, Lots 3-4 (2006)
  91. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 32, Resistivity Surveys, Primary Areas Completed to Date, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  92. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 33, Magnetic Gradient Surveys, Primary Areas Completed to Date, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  93. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 4, Feature 1, Excavation Units 1-2, Block 9, Lot 5 (2006)
  94. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 5, Electric Resistance Survey, Blocks 3 and 8 (2006)
  95. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 6, Electric Resistance Survey, Blocks 3 and 8, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  96. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 7, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Blocks 3, 4, 7 and 8 (2006)
  97. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 8, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Block 3, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  98. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 9, Magnetic Gradient Survey, Block 8, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  99. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, Figure 9a, Resistivity Survey, Block 8, Lots 1-2, with Anomalies Highlighted (2006)
  100. Geophysical Investigations at the New Philadelphia Site, Pike County, Illinois, 2004-2006, Dr. Michael L. Hargrave, U.S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL 61826-9005, List of Figures (2006)