PIN 9041.13.121


This project contains reports generated as part of archaeological investigations for PIN 9041.12.121

In April of 1994, the Public Archaeology Facility (PAF) through the Research Foundation of the State University of New York at Binghamton contracted with the State Education Department of New York to perform Paragraph 3 and 4 cultural resource surveys for the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) highway projects located in Regions 3, 4, 5, 6 and 9.

The Paragraph 4 site examination report includes the results of Paragraph 4 historic site examinations on the Whittemore Site (SUBi-1502), the Heath Site (SUBi-1500) and the White Site (SUBi-1475), PIN 9041.13.121/BIN 1-01426-0 and 1014270 in NYSDOT Region 9 (Hays, Levandowski and Anderson 1995). The principal goal of Paragraph 4 site examination was to gather sufficient information on archaeological sites identified during Paragraph 3 reconnaissance to allow the federal agencies to make determinations of eligibility for the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). The sites investigated in this phase were The Whittemore Site (SUBi-1502), The Heath Site (SUBi-1500), and The White Site (SUBi-1475, NYSM #10917). Of those sites, The Whittemore Site, and The White Site were argued to have high research potential because both featured distinct stratigraphic layers, and secure contexts. The Whittemore Site had been occupied at the beginning of Euro-American settlement in the area in the late 18th century, and the White site had been inhabited by a series of Irish immigrant railroad laborer families through the 19th century. These Paragraph 4 site examinations, building on information derived from Paragraph 3 investigations resulted in the declaration of the White Site as eligible for registration in the NHRP in March 1995, and the drafting of a Data Recovery Plan requested by the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation and the New York State Department of Transportation (Rafferty 1999).

The White Site produced information relating to the lives of lower class railroad workers and immigrants during the 19th century. These are social groups that are generally overlooked in written history, but were fundamental in the shaping of American society, especially during the Industrial Revolution. Archaeological investigations are the only means to directly access the lives of such groups. Additionally, the data produced by the White Site analysis has provided a valuable comparative case to apply to ongoing research on 19th century domestic sites in New York and beyond.

Sufficient information was collected from the White Site to mitigate the adverse construction impacts to the site. No further work was recommended in an end-of-field letter dated September 10, 1999.

Cite this Record

PIN 9041.13.121. ( tDAR id: 394527) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8TD9ZSC

Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-3 of 3)

  • Documents (3)
  1. Cultural Resource Management Survey, 1994 Highway Program, Paragraph 4 Site Examination, Whittemore Site, SUBi-1502, Heath Site, SUBi-1500 and White Site, SUBi-1475, PIN 9041.13.121, BIN 1-01426-0, Route 17C over Nanticoke Creek and BIN 1-01427-0, Route 17C Over Conrail, Town of Union, Broome County, New York (1995)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Christopher T. Hays. James Levandowski. Catherine Anderson.

    Over the course of paragraph 3 background research and fieldwork in 1993, one prehistoric, and three historic sites were discovered. The principal goal of Paragraph 4 site examination for this project is to gather sufficient information on the 3 historic archaeological sites to allow the federal agencies to make determinations of eligibility for the National Register of Historic Places. For each site, such information minimally includes horizontal and vertical boundaries in relation to the...

  2. Data Recovery Plan, The White Site, SUBi 1475, PIN 9041.13.121, Route 17c Over Nanticoke Creek, Town of Union, Broome County, New York (1996)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Sean M. Rafferty.

    This data recovery plan outlines historical data relevant to the White site, its potential importance in understanding immigrant Irish lifeways and suggestions for the recovery of data from the site. Based on the available documentary evidence, it appears that the White Site was inhabited for most of the mid to late 19th century by Irish immigrant laborers who were associated with the nearby New York and Erie railroad. The majority of Irish immigrants came from a landed, farming class until...

  3. Cultural Resource Management Report, 1998 Highway Program, Data Recovery, The White Site, Subi-1475 (NYSM #10917), PIN 9041.13.121 (94PR1391), New York State Route 17c, Town of Union, Broome County, New York (1999)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Sean Rafferty.

    The White Site for most of its occupation was occupied by a sequence of railroad laborer families, largely of Irish descent. Irish-American labor was integral in the construction and operation of the American railway system during the mid to late 19th century. The expansion of alternative transportation networks and the expansion of suburban residential areas led to the replacement of small, laborer households during the late 19th and early 20th century. Mid to late 19th century laborer...