Tucson, AZ (Geographic Keyword)

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Archaeological and Geoarchaeological Investigations Along the Santa Cruz River Floodplain: The Pima County Plant Interconnect Project (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

This document summarizes the results of a phased archaeological data recovery program along a narrow pipeline corridor between the Pima County Regional Wastewater Reclamation Department’s existing Roger Road and Ina Road facilities. The work was conducted by Northland Research, Inc. prior to the installation of a new gravity-flow sewer line connecting the two wastewater facilities. Northland’s Pima County Plant Interconnect Project (PCPIP) investigated seven archaeological sites that have been...


Archaeological Investigations at the El Taller, AZ AA:12:92 (ASM), and Rillito Fan, AZ AA:12:788 (ASM), Sites along Eastbound I-10 Between Sunset and Ruthrauff Roads, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Results of excavations at two sites between Sunset Road and Ruthrauff Road along Interstate 10 (I-10) are reported here. The work was conducted as part of the I-10 Frontage Roads Improvement Project for the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT). The site of El Taller, AZ AA:12:92 (ASM), contains three temporal components possibly dating as early as the Middle Archaic period to Hohokam times. The excavated portion of the Rillito Fan site, AZ AA:12:788 (ASM), dates to the Classic period,...


Archaeological Investigations of Early Village Sites in the Middle Santa Cruz Valley, Analyses and Synthesis, Part I (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

A series of archaeological investigations were conducted from 1993 to 1995 at four prehistoric sites in the middle Santa Cruz Valley. This fieldwork was part of the Arizona Department of Transportation's archaeological mitigation program of the Interstate 10 Corridor Improvement Project through Tucson, Arizona. The sites included the remains of three early farming settlements--the Santa Cruz Bend (AZ AA:12:746 [ASM]), Square Hearth (AZ AA:12:745 [ASM]), and Stone Pipe (AZ BB:13:425 [ASM])...


Archaeological Investigations of Early Village Sites in the Middle Santa Cruz Valley: Analyses and Synthesis, Part II (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

A series of archaeological investigations were conducted from 1993 to 1995 at four prehistoric sites in the middle Santa Cruz Valley. This fieldwork was part of the Arizona Department of Transportation's archaeological mitigation program of the Interstate 10 Corridor Improvement Project through Tucson, Arizona. The sites included the remains of three early farming settlements--the Santa Cruz Bend (AZ AA:12:746 [ASM]), Square Hearth (AZ AA:12:745 [ASM]), and Stone Pipe (AZ BB:13:425 [ASM])...


Archaeological Investigations of Early Village Sites in the Middle Santa Cruz Valley: Descriptions of the Santa Cruz Bend, Square Hearth, Stone Pipe, and Canal Sites (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jonathan B. Mabry. Deborah L. Swartz. Helga Wöcherl. Jeffery J. Clark. Gavin H. Archer. Michael W. Lindeman.

As part of the archaeological mitigation program of the Arizona Department of Transportation's Interstate 10 Corridor Improvement Project, archaeological data recovery fieldwork was carried out from 1993 to 1995 at four prehistoric sites in the project right-of-way between Prince Road and Speedway Boulevard in Tucson. The sites included three early farming settlements occupied between about 800 B.C. and A.D. 550, and also having later occupations. The Santa Cruz Bend site (AZ AA:12:746, ASM) was...


Archaeological Studies of the Avra Valley, Arizona, for the Papago Water Supply Project, Volume 1: Class III Archaeological Surveys on the Tohono O'Odham Indian Reservation (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Allen Dart.

The Papago Water Supply project was an effort to deliver and apply Central Arizona Project water to farmland on the Tohono O'odham (formerly Papago) Indian Reservation as part of the Southern Arizona Water Rights Settlement Act of 1982. The project involved construction of a water delivery system and development of new agricultural fields in the Schuk Toak and San Xaiver districts of the Reservation, located in the Avra Valley west of Tucson, Arizona. Environmental planning studies for the...


Archaeological Survey in Catalina State Park with a Focus on the Romero Ruin (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson. William H. Doelle.

Catalina State Park is situated approximately 22 km (14 miles) north of Tucson, Arizona. Within this beautiful and pristine desert area lie a large number of relatively undisturbed archaeological sites. The park has witnessed a long and varied history. Sometime after 5000 B.C. Archaic period hunters and gatherers first roamed through the park area in their search for game and edible plants. During the following Hohokam period the park area was intensively occupied. A wide range of sites are...


Archaeological Testing at the Romero Ruin: Part 2 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz.

Limited archaeological testing was conducted at the Romero Ruin, AZ BB:9:1 (ASM), during the spring of 1993 by archaeologists from the Center for Desert Archaeology. The site is a large prehistoric Hohokam village with an overlying historic component, located in Catalina State Park approximately 10 miles north of Tucson, Arizona. The purpose of the testing program was threefold: 1) to expose archaeological features along the interpretive trail prior to the features' being stabilized, 2) to...


The Central Arizona Project Historic Preservation Program: Conserving the Past While Building for the Future (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Bureau of Reclamation, Lower Colorado Region.

On July 15, 1983, the chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) ratified a programmatic memorandum of agreement among the Arizona and New Mexico State Historic Preservation Officers (SHPOs), the Bureau of Reclamation, and the ACHP. The subject of that agreement was the construction of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) and its impact upon historic properties. That agreement was negotiated in compliance with Section 2(b) of Executive Order 11593, "Protection and Enhancement...


Craft Specialization in the Southern Tucson Basin: Archaeological Excavations at the Julian Wash Site, AZ BB:13:17 (ASM), Part 1: Introduction, Excavation Results, and Artifact Investigations (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

Results of large-scale excavations conducted by Desert Archaeology, Inc., personnel in 2000, at the Julian Wash site, AZ BB:13:17 (ASM), are reported in two volumes. Data recovery focused on portions of the site that were to be directly impacted by construction of the new highway interchange, while portions of the site not impacted were set aside as preserves later incorporated into a regional park. Excavations focused on four areas with concentrations of prehistoric cultural features. The...


Down by the River: Archaeological and Historical Studies of the Leon Family Farmstead (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text J. Homer Thiel.

A brief cultural background of the Tucson Basin and a set of research questions that guided work at BB:13:157 and BB:13:505 have been presented in Chapter 1. The work at prehistoric sites is presented in Chapter 2, while Chapter 3 chronicles the history of the Leon family and their property. Excavations at the Leon farmstead and the adjacent historic period canal are described in Chapter 4. The historic-period artifacts recovered from the Leon farmstead are examined in Chapter 5. Chapter 6...


The Early History of the Tempe Canal Company (1965)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Christine Lewis.

In 1892 Judge Joseph H. Kibbey, one of Arizona's illustrious pioneers, described the Salt River Valley before the settlers came as a desert, uninhabited except by jack rabbits, coyotes, and rattlesnakes. Its main vegetation was sagebrush and cactus. It was a level, fertile valley about fifteen miles wide, through which the Salt River flowed west for forty miles to its junction with the Gila. The Salt River was a fluctuating stream. Sometimes it was a raging torrent which flooded the level land...


Excavations in the Santa Cruz Floodplain: Further Investigations at Los Pozos (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David A. Gregory. Michelle N. Stevens. Fred L. Nials. Mark R. Schurr. Michael W. Diehl.

The current volume, the third of four, acts as a final report for the excavations that were conducted at Los Pozos, AZ AA:12:91 (ASM) in the fall of 1998. Hoping to build on earlier work conducted by Desert Archaeology at other Early Agricultural period sites along the Santa Cruz, these volumes combine data with those from both seasons at Los Pozos and those garnered from Las Capas to explore the implications of this total body of work for current understanding of this important and lengthy...


Excavations in the Santa Cruz River Floodplain: The Early Agricultural Period Component at Los Pozos (2001)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

Archaeological research reported in this volume was conducted under an on call contract between Desert Archaeology, Inc. and the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT; Contract 9446). This contract provides for documentation and appropriate treatment of cultural resources encountered during long-term implementation of proposed ADOT improvements to the Tucson area segment of the Interstate 10 corridor between the Interstate 19 interchange on the south and Tangerine Road on the north (Mabry...


Excavations in the Santa Cruz River Floodplain: The Middle Archaic Component at Los Pozos (1999)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

The Middle Archaic remains reported here are a component of a larger distribution designated as AZ AA:12:91(ASM) in the Arizona State Museum Site Survey system and named Los Pozos. The site was investigated in anticipation of impacts from proposed Arizona Department of Transportation improvements to the Interstate 10 corridor in the Tucson metropolitan area (Mabry 1993b; Preface to this volume). In addition to the spatially restricted Middle Archaic remains, the site includes an extensive Early...


Hohokam Archaeology Along Phase B of the Tucson Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume 1: Syntheses and Interpretations, Part I (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

This volume is the first of five volumes that report results of the Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project. The excavation was funded by the United States Bureau of Reclamation under Contract No. 6-CS-30-03500 from December 1985 to December 1988. Volume 1 presents syntheses and interpretations of the analyses that resulted from the investigation of 13 Hohokam sites in the Avra Valley west of Tucson, Arizona. The Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project involved excavation or surface collection and mapping of...


Hohokam Archaeology Along Phase B of the Tucson Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume 1: Syntheses and Interpretations, Part II (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

This volume is the first of five volumes that report results of the Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project. The excavation was funded by the United States Bureau of Reclamation under Contract No. 6-CS-30-03500 from December 1985 to December 1988. Volume 1 presents syntheses and interpretations of the analyses that resulted from the investigation of 13 Hohokam sites in the Avra Valley west of Tucson, Arizona. The Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project involved excavation or surface collection and mapping of...


NUS Corporation, Arizona Nuclear Power Project, Tucson Gas & Electric Company, Salt River Project, State, Private, Federal and Indian Lands, Maricopa, Pinal, Gila, Pima, Cochise and Santa Cruz Counties: Final Report for Phase II Archaeological Impact Study, Arizona Nuclear Power Project Transmission Lines Study (1973)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael D. Metcalf.

The Musem of Northern Arizona developed a location analysis research design for Phase II archaeological investigations of the proposed transmission line corridor routes for the Arizona Nuclear Power Project. Through coupling this research design with a survey of sample archaeological units in the corridor areas, a projection of archaeological sensitivity was generated. This projection was based on a categorization of the total study area in terms of environmental-archaeological zones, and...


PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF MAIZE COB FRAGMENTS FROM LAS CAPAS (AZ AA:12:111), TUCSON, ARIZONA (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Jammi L. Ladwig. Chad Yost.

Three charred maize cobs and two maize cupule fragment samples from various pit contexts were submitted for phytolith analysis from the site of Las Capas (AZ AA:12:111), which is located near Tucson, Arizona (Table 1). Strata associated with Features 504 and 505 at Las Capas have calibrated age ranges of 950-800 BC and 1000-900 BC respectively, placing the site within the San Pedro Phase Early Agriculture period. The main goal of this analysis was to quantify phytolith recovery from charred cob...


POLLEN ANALYSIS AT THE TOLAND SITE (AZ BB:13:321) NEAR TUCSON, ARIZONA (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. PaleoResearch Institute.

The Toland Site. located on the eastern outskirts of Tucson, Arizona, is an open sherd and lithic scatter. Ceramics indicate an occupation during the "Middle Rincon Sub phase (AD 1000-1100) of the Hohokam chronology (Elson 1986)" (Earl Sires, written communication, February 7, 1989). The floors of two pithouses were sampled for pollen beneath trivets, a bowl, and a mano, and two manos were washed for their pollen content. Pollen analysis at this site was geared toward the recovery of...


POLLEN ANALYSIS FOR THE l-10/CORTARO ROAD PROJECT (AZ AA: 12:736 ASM), TUCSON BASIN (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Thomas E. Moutoux.

Site AZAA:12:736 (ASM) is located on the Santa Cruz River flood plain in the Tucson Basin. The research design lays out several questions that pollen analysis may address.


Subsistence and Resource Use Strategies of Early Agricultural Communities in Southern Arizona (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

This book is one in a set of four anthropological research volumes and two technical reports that describe the excavations and information gleaned from two archaeological sites located on the floodplain of the Santa Cruz River in Tucson, Arizona. These sites, Las Capas ("The Layers"), AZ AA:12:111(ASM), and Los Pozos ("The Wells" ), AZ AA:12:91(ASM), were occupied during the San Pedro phase (1200-800 B.C) and the Late Cienega phase (400 B.C.- 50 A.D.) of the Early Agricultural period. They...


The Swilling Legacy (1978)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Earl Zarbin.

Each year thousands of people come to the Salt River Valley, some to visit and some to live. They see a thriving, growing community. But like many who have spent most, or all, of their lives there, they don't know much about the Valley's origins or how it developed. The men and women who built the Valley were like today's people. They were trying to improve their own condition. In doing that, they contributed to the well-being of one another. Jack Swilling was one of them. Swilling...