Archaeological Investigations of Early Village Sites in the Middle Santa Cruz Valley, Analyses and Synthesis, Part I

Editor(s): Jonathan B. Mabry

Year: 1998


A series of archaeological investigations were conducted from 1993 to 1995 at four prehistoric sites in the middle Santa Cruz Valley. This fieldwork was part of the Arizona Department of Transportation's archaeological mitigation program of the Interstate 10 Corridor Improvement Project through Tucson, Arizona. The sites included the remains of three early farming settlements--the Santa Cruz Bend (AZ AA:12:746 [ASM]), Square Hearth (AZ AA:12:745 [ASM]), and Stone Pipe (AZ BB:13:425 [ASM]) sites—occupied during various intervals between about 800 B.C. and A.D. 550, and also having later occupations. At the fourth site, the Canal site (AZ BB:13:468 [ASM]), segments of several prehistoric canals constructed between about A.D. 1000 and 1450 and of a canal built in the late nineteenth century were identified.

These sites provide new information about several watershed changes during the prehistory of southwestern North America, including the transitions to agricultural dependence and sedentism; the shifts from houses-in-pits to more substantial pithouses and from round to rectilinear architecture; the first appearances of house groups, storehouses, communal structures, and possibly plazas, formal burial areas, and ditches for water control; the specializations and increased efficiencies of flaked and ground stone tools; the inception of ceramic vessel technology and the first stage of pottery-making as an economic process; the development of shell ornament production and other crafts; the establishment of local and long-distance trade networks; and possibly an indigenous sequence of development of water control technology.

This volume includes summaries of the results of various analyses, syntheses of the new data, comparisons with previous data, and discussions of significance.

Document includes errata sheet.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Investigations of Early Village Sites in the Middle Santa Cruz Valley, Analyses and Synthesis, Part I. Jonathan B. Mabry. 1998 ( tDAR id: 428796) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8428796

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Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.018; min lat: 32.236 ; max long: -110.969; max lat: 32.272 ;

Record Identifiers

Anthropological Papers No.(s): 19

SRP Library Barcode No.(s): 00090587

Contract No.(s): 90-21; 94-46


General Note: Part 1 of 2.

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